It is the use of high X-ray and Gamma Rays to kill cancer cells in the human body. The unit also manage non-malignant conditions like treatment of keloid scars. The main function of the unit is to treat cancer but it also does help radiology department in case of emergency by doing CT-Scan. The unit has been active since December 2009.
Patients are referred to the unit only if they are diagnosed with cancer or a condition that requires the treatment that they offer. After the referral and during the 1st visit to the unit, the patient consult at oncology. The oncologist takes the decision regarding the proposed treatment (prescribed the treatment) to CT scan for CT simulation. Images are sent for planning, where the treatment planning will take place. The plan will then be sent to the treatment machine called Linae and the patient will be called to comment on the treatment.
The unit admits patient diagnosed with different types of cancers like: breast cancer, cervix, prostate, lung, head and neck, endometrium, penile, brain, skin, muscular.
The unit has 2 qualified and competent radiation oncologists and 7 radiotherapists. Radiotherapists are responsible forscanning patient before treatment, plan the treatment of patient using specilazed planning machines, deliver daily treatment, support the patient and advise them on how to care for themselves during. They are also responsible for referring patient to the doctors weekly.
The unit uses Computerized temography (CT scan)- an x-ray machine that produces cross-sectional images by the use of narrow beams of x-rays. The machine is used for planning purposes in radiation oncology. Brachytherapy machine (internal radiotherapy)is a form of radiotherapy where a radiation source is placed inside or next to the area needing treatment.
The machines are both effective in the treatment of the cancer but recovery is not only dependent on the machine. There are other factors that contribute to cancer recovery like stage of cancer, type of cancer etc. if the cancer is detected and treated early, the higher the cure rate.